What is gum disease?
Periodontal Disease is an infection of the tissues that hold our teeth in place. In its early onset, plaque and tartar are on teeth, and the longer it stays on the teeth, the more harmful they become. The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums that is called “Gingivitis“. Gums are red, swollen and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be reversed by daily brushing and flossing, and regular cleaning by a dentist or oral hygienist. At this stage we do not have loss of bone and tissue that hold the tooth in place.
When Gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to “Periodontitis“. In Periodontitis the gum pulls away from the teeth and forms spaces called “pockets” that become infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads further below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connecting tissue that hold teeth in place. If not treated, the bones, gums and tissues that support the teeth are destroyed. The teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.
WHY DO WE NEED PERIODONTAL SURGERY?
The Surgeon General warns that almost 85% of the population in the USA and similarly in South Africa would suffer from gum disease. It has been shown that gum disease pre-disposes you to 1 out of 6 major risks for heart attacks and strokes. Recent reports have also linked gum disease with diabetes, pregnancy problems and increased risk of pancreatic cancer. How this works is the same bacteria that caused the gums to become inflamed can travel through the body including the cells in the coronary arteries. Don’t despair, help is at hand!
We at Serenity Dental would provide these periodontal services to the patient which include the following:
- Education and screening with initial therapy (Gingivitis and Periodontitis)
- Flap surgery and regeneration surgical procedures using Emdogain
- Clinical crown lengthening
- Grafting procedures
- Coverage of exposed root surfaces
- Aesthetic re‑contouring using electro-surgery or lazer
- Follow-up and maintenance
- Advanced all-on-4-teeth in day – for severe cases
So if you have red, swollen, bleeding or tender gums, chronic bad breath and those with know periodontal disease, that you have loose teeth, teeth that are moving and splayed out, give us a call at one of the 2 centres. Call us at any one of our Centres to schedule a time at Blairgowrie (servicing Jhb. North) 011 326 0938 or Bedfordview (servicing Jhb. East and Jhb. South) 011 615 9352 (located close to the airport) Johannesburg South Africa.